Hunting Tiger (Panthera tigris On Hunt)
Panthera tigris well known as Tiger, is one of the ferocious animal of the world. They are the large striped carnivorous cats native to Asia. A tiger is more furious while it’s on hunting. They like to hunt on dry land and water holes. They can hunt down the animals four times bigger than their size and their jaws are powerful enough to crush the backbone of prey.
Wild tigers make a kill about once a week and have a try-to-kill ratio of between 10 to 1 and 20 to 1. They feed on a kill for roughly two or three days, rest for two days more and then spend two days hunting before finally making another kill. Because so much energy is spent located prey and killing it, hunting large animals is considered more efficient than hunting smaller ones.
Tigers have good vision and hearing. They can hunt almost equally during day and at night. They rely on sight, hearing and smell to locate the prey. It has powerful paws and the paw pad is soft and partially sensitive on heat. This soft pad prevents them to move in thorny bush or hot sand.
Tigers, generally hunt at night, but often observed in day. Even it is observed in afternoon. Generally they hide in bush, stalk their prey and attack from a short distance. They can hide well camouflaged in the bush for their physical condition. Tigers normally covered 8 to 15 miles when they do their hunting round at night. They make a “pook” sound while they looking for the prey at night.
Tigers attack their prey relatively short distances from side or behind. To grab and hold they use their forelegs. Latter they use their jaws and stabbing action to kill the prey. Tigers generally bite on the neck or spines of the prey. Most of them are killed within 90-120 seconds. In latter they cut off the air supply until the prey stop breathing.
During the dry season tigers mostly go after swamp deer and samber deer which feed in the waterholes. The most of hunts are being done near or in waterholes this time. Tigers are however quite a good swimmer. High grassland around the water holes is a perfect place for a tiger to hunt. They hide in the grass, wait, then chase the prey from shallow to deep water where it grab the prey. Once tiger gets a hold of victim, it holds its head under water until it drowns.
During the hunting time, using the soft pad tigers can move silently. Very often it has to spend more than 20 minutes to make their stalk, tried to creep their prey within 40 feet or so and select an attack position. Prey tries its best to avoid being killed by the tiger. When a deer sense that tiger is nearby it freezes, ears up and sometimes barking loudly. The deer can leap into air to avoid a tiger attack. So the tiger has to kill the prey by initial charge, otherwise the attack may be unsuccessful. At the time of attack, tigers keep motionless and get frozen until the right time like a patch of grass. That’s why the deer can’t see when its near about 30-40 feet.