Jellyfish sting treatment
Jellyfish or jellies are umbrella shaped free swimming aquatic animals with different type of tentacles. The tentacles of different jellyfish may be many kinds. This can be vary in their positions and rigidity, in the types, size and densities of nematocysts (stinging cells) that tentacles and jellyfish possess for their defensive mechanism. Jellyfish use their stinging cells to save their body from its enemy. Jellyfish attack also with sting.
All the jelly fish stinging are not deadly but (chironex fleckeri) the most venomous of any creature and possibly the most venomous of any creature on earth.
Follow below steps when jellyfish stung (jellyfish sting treatment ).
Take the stinging Person to the dry place
- Immediate after stinging take the person to the dry place if possible or take away from the jellyfish
Keep the way from stinging.
- Wash the area with salt water and to remove stinging cells. Also you can remove sting by scraping with a hard plastic or other dry wood object.
When jellyfish attacked in tropical water — especially from the Hawaiian box jellyfish or a Portuguese man-of-war:
- Immerse the affected arm or leg immediately in hot water at 40 to 45°C (104 to 113°F) for at least twenty minutes after removing the tentacles. A hot shower can be used to improve the situation.
- Anti-venom can be used for severe Australian box jellyfish stings. It should be given right away to be most effective.
The American Heart Association recommends the following for jellyfish stings,:
- Rinse the area with vinegar for at least 30 seconds. If vinegar is not available, a solution of baking soda can be used. This will help deactivate the stinging cells of certain species of jellyfish.
- Next, soak the area in hot water for at least 20 minutes if possible. Cold packs can be used instead if the area can’t be soaked in hot water.
These treatments are based on research done in the Indo-Pacific areas, however, and may not be effective in the oceans of the North Atlantic. In fact, in this area, vinegar may actually make the symptoms worse, depending on the type of jellyfish. Some experts therefore recommend removing the stinging cells and rinsing in seawater.
jellyfish sting treatment
- Use mild hydrocortisone cream or oral antihistamine to cure relieve itching and swelling.
- Visit to Human Doctor
jellyfish sting treatment Follow Up
For less severe sting:
- Use ice packs or over-the-counter pain relievers for welts.
- Clean open sores 3 times a day and apply antibiotic ointment. Bandage if needed.
For a severe reaction:
- The person should be hospitalized for several days.
- Anti-venom should be administered for box jellyfish stings.
These treatments are based on research done in the Indo-Pacific areas, however, and may not be effective in the oceans of the North Atlantic. In fact, in this area, vinegar may actually make the symptoms worse, depending on the type of jellyfish. Some experts therefore recommend removing the stinging cells and rinsing in saltwater.