Abstract of FORAGING ACTIVITY OF THE EUROPEAN HONEY BEE, APIS MELLIFERA L. ON LITCHI FLOWER IN DIFFERENT HOURS OF THE DAY

ABSTRACT

Foraging activities of honeybee, Apis mellifera L. on Litchi plants in one square metre was studied during the year, 2010. The results of the study indicated that the foraging activity of European honey bee is different in the different hours of the day. There are three castes of honey bee i.e. Queen, Worker and Drone. Only the workers show the foraging activity. They collect nectar and pollen from flowers for their nutrition and development. Foraging activity becomes more active in the morning than noon and evening, between noon and evening in the time of afternoon the foraging rate of bee comparatively increases than that in the noon. It has been observed on the average, that a number of 271.6 been forage per square metre in the morning which drops down to 111.2 in the noon. In the afternoon 145.2 bees per square metre foraged. The forage rate decreases before the sunset when only 83.4 bees per square metre were found on an average to forage. The study was carried out from 13th March to 22th March 2010.

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