A SURVEY OF MALLOPHAGA OF DOMESTIC CHICKENS

A SURVEY OF MALLOPHAGA (INSECTA: PHTHIRAPTERA) OF DOMESTIC CHICKENS (GALLUS DOMESTICA L.) IN NAOGAON DISTRICT, BANGLADESH

Abstract

 

 To study the species variety and prevalence of the Mallophaga (Insecta: Phthiraptera) of the domestic chicken (Gallus domestica L.), a survey was performed in four upazilas (Manda, Mahdevpur, Atrai and Badalgachhi) of Naogaon district in a period of 10 month from Jun 2011 to March 2012. A study total 130 poultry farms and houses of Naogaon. Biting louse infestation was 100%. A total of 10762 individuals of Mallophaga were collected and identified. Five species of lice were identified: Menopon gallinae (line, 1758), Menacanthus stramineus (Mitzsch, 1818), Lipeurus caponis (Linne, 1758), Goniocotes gallinae (De Geer 1778) and Goniodes dissimilis (Denny, 1842). The occurrence of these lice on poultry birds was – Menopon gallinae (42.94%), Menacanthus stramineus (28.52%), Lipeurus caponis (10.77%), Goniocotes gallinae (14.72%) and Goniodes dissimilis(3.05%). Among them M. gallinae  was the most common and G. dissimis was the lowest share of occurrence. The density of each proven species of Mallophaga was established. The species variety of Mallophaga on chickens was relatively poor. According to the literature, there is no record of G. dissimilis in Bangladesh which has identified during this research work.

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