A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON FISH CULTURE TECHNIQUE OF THREE UPAZILAS: PUTHIA (RAJSHAHI), NATORE (NATORE), SINGRA (NATORE)

ABSTRACT

 

An investigation was carried out in three upzilas such as Puthia Upazila, Natore Upazila and Singra Upazila under Rajshahi division from May 2011 to February 2012 to assess the fisheries resources, present culture technique and socio-economic condition of fish farmers in the study area. A total 10 different water resources (ponds, khash Ponds, rivers Beels, floodplains, canals, vestates, boropits, paddy fields and pens) fond in the study area Ponds is the main fish production source among the resources. Above 47% fish production of total fish production of three upazilas cames from ponds. Carp fish culture of pond in the study area was mainly practiced with 3 native carps (Labeo rohita, Catla catla, Cirrhinus mrigala) and sexotic carps (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Cyprinus carpio, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Puntius teri, Aristichthys nobilis). Farmers in the study area selected cultivable species by considering growth rate, market demand, price and availability of fry fish. They practice culture system in the pond and followed some management technique in pre-stocking management, stocking management and post stocking management. The socio-economic status of the fish farmers was not so good. Most of the fisherman is Muslim under study area. About 91.95% fisherman is Muslim in Singra Upazila. It is the highest percentage among three Upazila. Educational status of the majority of fish farmer class (I-IX). ‘About 25% to 31% fish farmer were illiterate and few graduate fishermen also found in the study area. About 40% to 55% fish farmer live in semipaka house. The ratio percentage of male and female fisher farmers was 1:0.046. A number of problems associated with fish farming faced by the fish farmer were also identified during the study period.